China has a lot of art and culture. Chinese civilization is very important for the whole of human civilization. Culture and art in China has existed for 5,000 years. Although Chinese culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world, it has survived until today and is a cultural reference for many other countries. Below are some examples of art that come from China:
- Chinese Calligraphy
Chinese calligraphy is the art of writing Chinese characters in ink on media. The art of calligraphy is the oldest art in the world. In ancient times, this art was usually written on silk fabric, tortoise shell or bone fragments. The calligraphy itself was usually a prayer, admonishment, or a piece of philosophy from folklore.
- Opera and Potehi (The Glove Puppet Theater)
One of the most famous Chinese arts is opera. Chinese opera is usually a performance depicting both stories from China’s history, as well as stories from everyday life. A unique aspect of Chinese opera is the make-up of the actors. Each color has a specific meaning, such as red, symbolizing faithfulness and courage, or yellow that symbolizes cruelty and power. Today, many opera actors use masks rather than make-up on their faces. Yu Ju Opera is one of the favored operas by Chinese people. Some of the stories in Yu Ju are taken from famous Chinese legends, such as The Story of the Gods and The Story of the Three Countries.
Potehi is the Chinese art of puppetry that has existed for 3,000 years, since the Jing dynasty. For the Chinese community, Potehi is not just for entertainment, but is also used as a ritual in a ceremony.
- Chinese Painting
The ancient society of China began painted on stone walls and on pottery. Later, during the Tang dynasty, the art of painting started to develop. In the year 907, realistic painting techniques were used for the first time. Some of the most famous Chinese painters are Jing Hao, Li Cheng, Fan Kuan, and Guo Xi who came from the north, and Dong Yuan and Juran who came from the south. A good place to see work from these painters, as well as Chinese calligraphy, is the National Museum of China.
- Chinese Ceramics
The art of ceramics began to develop in the 12th century during the Yuan dynasty. Some Chinese ceramics have motifs on them, such as dragons, flowers, and humans. China produces many different ceramic goods, including statues, jars, bowls, and vases. Shanghai Museum has a good collection of Chinese ceramics, including Jian tea bowl, Sancai Horse, Guanyin statue, and an assortment of other collectibles.
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